Steel is one of the most widely used materials for construction in the Philippines and in other countries. Steel is also regularly used in industries like engineering and the manufacturing of vehicles. It is so prevalent in fact, that it has been estimated that there are over 20 billion tonnes of steel in use today. This is the equivalent of well over 2 tonnes of steel for every person on earth.
Aside from being the most widely used material on the planet, steel is also the most recycled material as well. Steel in its different alloys and forms can offer you different properties that can meet a variety of your needs, from high-temperature and stainless steels, to flat carbon products.
Steel can be described as an alloy of carbon, iron, and other metals and non-metals. In order to achieve the properties you desire, the composition of the steel is then adjusted precisely. Because the metal combines a relatively low production cost, as well as providing high strengths, steel is now used as construction material in countless fields. Here are the applications of steel in different industries.
Wrought steels that are used in industries such as engineering are designed to meet certain, specific levels of strength and corrosion resistance. And because the products made from engineering steels are expected to withstand a good amount of stress, they are also designed with ductility and even elasticity in mind.
While these kinds of steel are expected to be used in other industries such as manufacturing and engineering, the bulk of it goes to the manufacture of transport vehicles. Steel accounts for over half the weight of an average car. Most cars and other vehicles today make use of advanced high-strength steels or AHSS.
Steel is ideal for construction material for vehicles because it is lightweight and requires less energy to fabricate which reduces carbon dioxide emissions. Different kinds of steel are used for different part of the vehicle such as the body, doors, steering, wheel axles, interior, suspension, gearbox, and engine.
Steel is also the ideal material for marine applications because of the fact that it can resist rust better than other common shipbuilding metals such as bronze, galvanized steel, or brass. Chemical tankers often represent the largest applications of steel because these need a material that is easily fabricated, capable of being cleaned thoroughly when changing cargo, strong, and extremely durable.
The majority of steel products in countries like the Philippines end up as materials for construction. In the construction industry, a sustainable material such as steel allows structures to be built quickly at a low price. Because steel comes in various alloys and forms, it can be designed to meet the demands of every project.
Steel can even be surface-treated or alloyed differently for protection against the elements. These properties of steel allow it to be incorporated into the infrastructure of a building in almost any kind of environment.
The turn of the 20th century saw the development of more efficient techniques for the production of steel. These improvements in production contribute to the advent of the high-rise building, as well as the growth of railways all over the world. In fact, many famous historical structures such as the Empire State Building owes its strength and longevity to steel as its primary construction material.
Today, steel is one of the most important components of the construction industry, accounting for more than fifty percent of the production of steel in the world. From houses to car-parks, to schools and skyscrapers, most buildings all rely on their strength and durability.
The construction industry also continues to look to steel to provide the solutions for the infrastructure needs of developing countries by allowing wind-resistant and protective coastal designs.
Most, if not all of the segments of the energy sector demand the use of steel for its excellent durability. Sectors of energy such as electric, natural gas, wind power, and even nuclear all need steel in order to function properly.
Steel has also been used for the extraction of resources that are used for the production of energy. It is present in heavy machinery like forklifts, offshore platforms, earthmoving and quarrying equipment, and cranes.
The kinds of steels used in the production of the machinery used in energy production such as pipelines and offshore platforms include stainless, high-strength, carbon, and micro-alloyed. These properties are needed in the steel used in energy projects because they are going to be used in demanding environments.
Steel accounts or about 75 percent of the weight of a typical household appliance. As a matter of fact, steel can be found in appliances such as refrigerators, ovens, sinks, washing machines, microwaves, cutlery, and many others.
Many industrial goods such as storage tanks, tools, farm vehicles and machinery, walkways, protective equipment, and structures are also made largely from steel.
Steel is an invaluable material in the packaging industry because it can protect your goods from elements like air, water, and light exposure which can cause a lot of damage to your product. Steel is also fully recyclable which can reduce costs in production as well as help the environment.
Steel allows for a packaging that can be filled at a high speed, is lightweight, and is easy to open. Steel that is used for packaging is usually made from cold-rolled, low-carbon steel strips with surfaces that have been finished. The steel is then plated with tin to reduce corrosion. Finally, the steel is coated with a polymer, lacquered, and printed.
Steel also lacks the cracks or pores that are often present in other packaging materials which can harbor bacteria or food particles because steel is naturally scratch-resistant and has a protective coating. This can help prevent food-borne illnesses and improves the shelf-life of your food. It also makes the surface of your steel food packaging much easier to clean after use.
The majority of steel used for packaging ends up in food and beverage containers, followed by a general line, aerosols, and closures such as bottle caps.
Steel has a wide range of applications across different industries such as transport, construction, and packaging.
Thanks to its properties like high durability, corrosion resistance, strength, and low cost, it is the material that is most preferred by contractors, engineers, architects, and fabricators.
This makes life easier and more convenient, not just for the builders, but the people that will live in these buildings too.