When it comes to construction materials that ARE altogether strong, durable, and ductile, steel products are the best option, especially the steel plates in the Philippines.
Steel plates may be a popular choice for building small or big structures, but there’s not much that people know about this power material.
Don’t worry because everything that you need to know about the steel plates are covered by this particular piece. So, if you want to know more about steel plates, just keep on reading.
What are Steel Plates?
Also called “Structural Steel”, steel plates are steel materials that can be formed, molded, and cut to produce an even more complex by-product.
Steel plates are known to be a metal material with high resistance to both corrosion and abrasion with tremendous strength and durability. The properties mentioned earlier makes steel plates the ideal material for various industries.
However, steel plates are also versatile since these are not only applicable for purely construction purposes, but also for small and large-scale repair works as well.
Common Processes Steel Plates Undergo
There are various processes that steel plates undergo in order to acquire certain qualities and properties, with each of them guaranteed to
Here are the different processes that are frequently done on steel plates:
Heat Treatment – In order to enhance the physical and even the structural properties of the metal, temperature-controlled operations are operated.
The 5 primary heat treating processes done on the steel plates from the Philippines are hardening, case hardening, annealing, tempering, and normalizing.
Normalizing- This specific kind of heat treatment heats the metal over the critical range then immediately cooling it in still air.
Doing so will refine the structures of crystals inside, thus phasing out the internal stress.
Rolling- Metal materials are pushed through a pair of rollers and the specifications of this process are entirely dependent on the utilized temperature range.
The rolling process is called hot rolling if the temperature of the material is over the recrystallization temperature.
On the other hand, cold rolling pertains to the process of utilizing metal materials which are below the typical recrystallization temperature.
Types of Steel Plates and the Various Grades
Not all structures and equipment needing construction are identical since different clients would require varying types and sizes of materials.
The same goes for constructing structures using steel plates from the Philippines, there are varying kinds. This will ensure that whatever structure the client needs there will be a type of steel plate from the Philippines that will definitely fit the job.
Here are the different types of steel plate available on the market that can be applicable
Carbon Steel Plates
This type of steel plate has carbon materials as the prominent interstitial alloying components. Not only that, the strength and toughness of the carbon steel plates from the Philippines are highly dependent on the level of carbon content.
Low Carbon Steel Plate
Just as the name implies, this type of steel plate contains a poor amount of carbon content
The steel plate that falls under this category has the lowest carbon range of 0.10 up to 0.20 and are significantly lighter with a thickness of ¾”. Steel plates with these compositions have the highest cold forming property and welding capability.
Some have a thickness that ranges from ¾” until 1 ½”, such plates contain carbon components from 0.15 to 0.25. Despite the increase in carbon content, steel plates with these properties are still considered to be low carbon steel plates thus still retains their welding capabilities.
Low Carbon Steel Plates that have a blend of strength, durability, and weldability are those steel plates from the Philippines that has a thickness of over 1 ½” and carbon components 0.20 increasing until 0.33.
- ASTM A36 PLATE STEEL- This is a specific kind of low carbon steel plate that elicits great strength and is easy to fabricate and welded.
Typically, A36 are galvanized to prevent any damage and boost the material’s resistance to possible the build-up of corrosion.
Often utilized for welding and bolting, this plate is often incorporated into the construction of lightweight equipment that requires good welding functions.
- C1045- Often exhibiting great weldability, strength, and machinability, this steel plate from the Philippines is utilized ideally for components of machines that requires great strength. Machines parts that commonly utilizes C1045 are shafts, sprockets, and axles.
Despite being categorized to be a medium hard steel, C1045 are used as parts of machines that commonly manufactures plastic, ceramic and several composite materials.
For added hardness and durability, this can also be heat-treated.
Medium Carbon Steel Plates
With a carbon range of 0.40 up to 0.50, medium carbon steel plates present a more exceptional strength level.
Due to its heightened thickness, its machinability and durability have improved. But as the thickness of the material increased, its capability to be welded has lessened.
- A516- This medium carbon alloy has the right combination of high strength, weldability, and corrosion resistance that is suitable for boilers and pressure vessels.
In order the achieve the optimum strength capacity of this steel plate, it is incorporated with elements of manganese, sulfur, phosphorus, and silicon.
Heavy Steel Plates
This variant of steel Plates from the Philippines are known to be used for heavy-duty equipment and structures.
Common grades used for heavy steel plates are S235 and S355 due to their optimized degree of strength but with retained adequate welding properties.
During the ‘70s era, heavy steel plate used had grades ranging as high as S460 and S690. Though the strength level of these steel plates, it is not easy to weld and shaped to the needed form. On top of that undesirable factor, the cost of fabrication is significantly high thus, the decline of the use of these specific grades.
High Strength Low-Alloy Steel Plates
When talking about the High Strength Low-Alloy Steel Plates from the Philippines, the primary property is its high resistance from weathering and atmospheric corrosion.
Unlike of the steel plates from the Philippines this type has exhibited to have four times more resistance to corrosion than the normal steel plates.
High Strength Low-Alloy Steel Plates are not considered to be alloy steel plate since the main purpose of this variant of steel plate from the Philippines are of mechanical nature and not of chemical composition.
There are also more specific variations of high strength low-alloy steel plates.
- A572-50 PLATE STEEL- With a grade of 50, this steel plate is often used for a structure that requires high levels of strength that are often bolted, welded, and riveted.
- A514- With a tensile strength of 100,000 pounds each square inch, this low-alloy steel plate is mostly applied in the manufacturing process of heavy-duty materials and structures.
Even with its immense strength as a steel plate, A514 is also weldable and machinable.
Pressure Vessel Quality Steel Plates
This variant of steel plates is manufactured and designed specifically for containing gas and liquids even in extreme temperatures.
In addition to its capability to withstand varying temperatures, Pressure Vessel Quality Steel Plates are also highly resistant to corrosion.
Uses and Applications of Steel Plates
Due to its versatility, strength, and weldability as a material, steel plates from the Philippines are the perfect material structures that overlap to various industries.
To further elaborate, here are the different industries where the various steel plates from the Philippines can be applied:
- Construction– This is perhaps the most obvious industry to utilize steel plates.
The construction industry makes use of the different kinds of steel plates in order to be able to cater to the most humongous structure or even medium-sized equipment that require immense strength.
These steel plates from the Philippines are even more so useful in this industry as the trend of verticalization is becoming more and more prevalent especially in the urban areas.
As more building and structures are constructed higher and with more floors, it is essential that sturdy and durable materials like steel plates are utilized. Not only are these materials capable of holding up the entire weight of the building, it can also support the building in case of an earthquake.
These steels are commonly used for bridges used to connect major cities. As for establishments and structures such as sports stadiums, warehouses, train stations and most especially airports these establishments highly utilize steel plates from the Philippines for their projects.
- Industrial Machinery– Steel plates are not only applicable to building parts but also as materials used to form components of machinery.
The demand for strong and durable machinery escalated as the mining and construction industry developed and improved.
Various steel plates from the Philippines provides to be great raw materials for industrial pieces of machineries with their exhibited resistance to heavy abrasions and high flexibility properties.
In addition to the previously mentioned properties, steel plates have a high degree of hardness and toughness towards significantly low temperatures which can provide excellent overall support.
- Storage Containers- heavy-duty metal containers like boilers and gas tanks specifically uses Pressure Vessel Plates.
These are exceptionally useful for containing compressed gas or fluids with extreme temperatures and keeping out severe external temperature from the environment.
- Power Plants- With the rigid processes done and extreme temperatures emitted around a power plant, steel plates are useful materials. The immense strength of steel plates paired with their high tolerance for extreme temperatures are perfect properties for materials under that working condition.
- Marine- The durability and high resistance of some types of steel plates from the Philippines provide great service to ships specifically in the oil rigs and several apparatuses used offshore.These heavy-duty metals are not only used for vessels but also to massive offshore facilities.In addition to this, steel plates are capable of retaining their strength and durability even under extreme temperatures.
- Military- The defense forces utilizes steel plates for the various parts of their land vehicles such as tanks, trucks, and jeeps.Even their aerial defense vehicles require durable materials that’s why even helicopters and jets also utilize steel plates for the various parts.As for the Navy, steel plates are essential elements in shipbuilding and ship repair done away from the coast.
Different Ways to Cut Steel Plates
Steel plates have varying sizes and length and this can be done through different ways that each have their own specification in the operation.
This method of cutting the metal material is ideal for mild steel plates.
Whatever this method lacks in terms of the quality of the edges cut, it makes up for speed.
There is an increasing possibility that the edges will lack the ideal squareness when the metal materials are significantly thin or thick.
The overall cost of this cutting method tends to be high due to the various essentials in order to perform the process.
Performing this cutting process requires a power supply, torch leads, gas, torch, water cooler, and cables.
Also called as flame cutting is the oldest method of cutting steel plates and is also considered as the simplest and inexpensive method.
This method can cut through even significantly thick steel plates but not beyond 36 or 48 inches of metal material.
In order to produce a clean smooth and square cut, the torch must be adjusted properly. the bottom part must only have little slag while the top edge should be slightly rounded from the flames.
Despite its slow pace, with only 20 inches per minute, multiple torches can be lit up simultaneously.
With this method’s extreme accuracy, it does not yield any heat distortion.
The limit of thickness ranges from 6 to 8 inches, and the water stream tends to diverge during the process.
In terms of overall production cost, it is significantly high due to the cost of equipment like an intensifier pump.
Due to the burning process utilized in this method, Laser Cutting is notably slower compared to the other cutting processes. The pace of the process is highly dependent on the chemical reaction of Iron and Oxygen.
In addition to this, various elements of the equipment like gas purity, beam quality, and nozzle condition must function properly.
In terms of accuracy, Laser Cutting can produce clear-cut contours and tiny craters and smooth edges.
Constructing structures with the best steel plates from Regan Industries
With all of the various kinds of steel plates and steel materials there is on the market, it can be quite difficult and overwhelming to choose a supplier.
Well. If you’re on the hunt for a reliable company that can provide all of your steel need, especially steel plates from the Philippines, then look no more!
Regan Industrial Inc. has every steel product you could need or even think of. Not only do we have the best steel plates in the Philippines, but also the most accommodating team members on the block!
If you have any question about our products, feel free to check out our website or contact our team.