Steel beams are a staple in any construction project. They are usually described as simply long pieces of steel. in the Philippines, it can still be classified depending on the measurements of its different parts. Keep in mind that its horizontal parts are called flanges and the vertical part is called the web. The flanges are there to resist any kind of bending, while the web absorbs the shear force applied to it.
If it has flanges that are thin outside and thicker inside, it’s known as an I beam, while if its flanges have a consistent thickness, it’s known as an H beam. Although they’re practically the same, this little difference in the flanges greatly differentiates their primary applications.
Keep in mind that steel beams, unlike steel plates in the Philippines are very popular in a variety of constructions. The two aforementioned types of steel beams are the most commonly used ones. With that being said, it’s important to differentiate their applications. Take note that even if their relatively the same, their design makes for different applications.
Below is a list of different applications of steel beams!
The primary difference between H beams and I beams is that the H beams have thicker walls and flanges this makes it more ideal for the construction of platforms of varying sizes. The thicker flanges make it stronger and able to support larger amounts of weight. H beams are primarily used for platforms that need to be able to support heavier loads.
Think of applications such as the middle floors of a skyscraper, or the upper floor of a warehouse. Although it can still be used for buildings that are designed to hold up lighter than usual loads, the weight of the beam might become an issue. For these applications, I beams are most preferred. At the end of the day, the choice between an H beam or I beam for platforms highly depends on the contractor.
When it comes to roadworks such as bridges over bodies of water, or overpasses, it’s quite accepted that it’s the H beam that is widely used. This is because bridges require a certain level of strength and durability that is more evident in H beams instead of I Beams. The fact that H beams are heavier is also disregarded because of how much more support bridges usually have on their own.
Bridges are designed to last for a very long time. they must be able to brave the forces of nature and the continuous, almost constant rush of moving vehicles. the weight of the vehicles is a very important factor. Bridges that are part of the route of commercial trucks will need to be even stronger because these trucks will usually be bringing very heavy products and materials.
For low rising commerce centers, I beams are the choice. Their contained strength provides enough support for a few floors and leaves a lot of room for more construction. Since I beams can have either tapered flanges or wide flanges, they’re more versatile for these kinds of construction projects.
H beams, however, are more often used for large constructions. Much like skyscrapers, or giant industrial complexes. They are usually stronger and have a wider span, bringing more support across a wider area.
I beams are the ideal steel beam for things that need a lightweight load-bearing material. Often times they are used to construct frames for trolley ways, elevators, trailers, and even truck beds. These projects don’t need the wider range and stronger hold that the H beam provides. Instead, they focus on a lighter, somewhat shorter material that can bring a comparatively similar weight-bearing material onto a smaller, more precise area.
H Beams are typically made to be long and wide because most of its applications require it to cover a larger area. I beams, on the other hand, can be manufactured into smaller sections, making them the preferred beam for these smaller applications.
Oceanside docks need a relatively strong foundation in order to act as a logistics center. H beams are the perfect structural framework for these constructions. It’s wider range weight-bearing, makes it ideal for these somewhat off-shore storage facilities.
The same goes for large cargo ships that need to be strong enough to carry an enormous amount of weight across oceans and seas! Because of the weight that H beams can carry, they’re one of the more popular choices for such things.
I beams can be used for cargo ships as well, however, they serve more of a structural application for the deck instead of the area in which the cargo is placed on.
As per usual, there are countless applications of steel in the Philippines across many different fields. When talking about steel beams, in particular, H beams and I beams are the most popular and thus have many applications. Their difference slightly dictates where they’re used, however. In essence, their weight-bearing capabilities, matched with the area encompassing steel plates in the Philippines make them the go-to weight-bearing construction materials.